Working Group on Child Sexual Abuse, Exploitation and Trafficking 2019-03-19T15:31:12-06:00

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ISPCAN’s Child Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation Working Group addresses the wide spectrum of global child exploitation, including sex and labor trafficking, as well as the sexual exploitation of children and youth, especially those at high risk, such as homeless and missing children. The Working Group aims to increase awareness of child exploitation, promote prevention strategies, clarify issues related to definitions, and facilitate consistency in data collection and measurement. Interested ISPCAN members as well as nonmembers are encouraged to join the group. We welcome participants from all disciplines and with varied experiences addressing trafficking and exploitation.

Convener: Jordan Greenbaum, M.D., ISPCAN Councilor based in Atlanta, Georgia; child abuse pediatrician with the Emory School of Medicine and the Stephanie V. Blank Center for Safe and Health Children; Director, the Global Health and Well-being Initiative with the International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children

Key Definitions

Child labor trafficking – Includes bonded labor or debt bondage, where a child incurs a debt he or she is never able to pay off, or involuntary domestic servitude, where a child is forced to work in someone’s home for long hours with little or no pay (National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments)

Child trafficking – The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation (ECPAT)

Child sexual exploitation – The commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is sexual abuse of a minor for economic gain. It can involve physical abuse, pornography, prostitution, and the smuggling of children for unlawful purposes (U.S. Department of Justice, 2007)

Commercial sexual exploitation – A commercial transaction that involves the sexual exploitation of a child, such as the prostitution of children and child pornography, which may involve coercion and violence against children and amount to forced labor and a form of contemporary slavery as well as offering the sexual services of children for compensation, financial or otherwise

Harboring –

Internal Trafficking – The trafficking of human beings within the borders of their own countries

Recruitment/Enticement –

Sex Tourism – Travel planned specifically for the purpose of sex, generally to a country where prostitution is legal; the age of consent varies from country to country

Sex Trafficking – A form of modern slavery in which someone coerces or deceives another person into commercial sex exploitation for profit; any child sold for sex is considered a victim of sex trafficking by nature of their age (International Justice Mission)

Stages of Trafficking – The process involves people being abducted or recruited in the country of origin, transferred through transit regions and then exploited in the country of destination; in the case of internal trafficking, all three stages would occur within the borders of a single country (UNODC, 2008)

Transportation/Transfer –

Key Reports/Research


Trafficking Resources Database

Key Definitions

Helpful Organizations

Facts and Stats

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ISPCAN Working Group Leaders: Jordan Greenbaum, Martin Finkel, Mark Kavenaugh (ECPAT)