Working Group on Child Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking2019-06-10T14:17:32-06:00

Working Group on


Purpose: The purpose of the ISPCAN Working Group on Child Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking (WG-CSET) is to develop areas of common interest for countries, organizations and individuals who are actively working on issues around CSET. As nations address the problem of sexually exploited and trafficked children and adolescents, comprehensive data and deep understanding of issues around this social problem are essential for planning, funding, evidence based advocacy and launching other interventions to fight the sexual exploitation and trafficking of children. A global perspective on these data is ultimately needed to understand the scale of the problem that the intervention community is addressing, the gaps in those systems and their successes and challenges.

Goals: Because the working group is newly established, the development of goals is still in process. The following goal statements comprise initial thinking regarding what the Working Group may be able to accomplish:

  1. Engage countries, organizations and individuals with existing or planned programs in order to expand the international community of interest.
  2. Help develop and promote the goals of ending child sexual exploitation and trafficking through the ongoing support of informational exchange activities such as presentations, workshops, pre-sessions, and post-sessions on the topic at various forums and conferences organized by ISPCAN,ECPAT International, International Society for Social Pediatrics and Child Health (ISSOP) and International Pediatric Association (IPA).
  3. Promote the utilization of data on CSET intervention to inform policy development at national, regional and international levels.
  4. Provide professional assistance to developing nations in creating and sustaining appropriate intervention programs in line with the SDGs, through the collaborative efforts of the Working Group membership.

Convener: Jordan Greenbaum, M.D., ISPCAN Councilor based in Atlanta, Georgia; child abuse pediatrician with the Emory School of Medicine and the Stephanie V. Blank Center for Safe and Health Children; Director, the Global Health and Well-being Initiative with the International Centre for Missing and Exploited Children

Key Definitions

Child Labor Trafficking – Includes bonded labor or debt bondage, where a child incurs a debt he or she is never able to pay off, or involuntary domestic servitude, where a child is forced to work in someone’s home for long hours with little or no pay (National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments)

Child Trafficking – The recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation (ECPAT)

Child Sexual Exploitation – The commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) is sexual abuse of a minor for economic gain. It can involve physical abuse, pornography, prostitution, and the smuggling of children for unlawful purposes (U.S. Department of Justice, 2007)

Commercial Sexual Exploitation – A commercial transaction that involves the sexual exploitation of a child, such as the prostitution of children and child pornography, which may involve coercion and violence against children and amount to forced labor and a form of contemporary slavery as well as offering the sexual services of children for compensation, financial or otherwise

Internal Trafficking – The trafficking of human beings within the borders of their own countries

Sex Tourism – Travel planned specifically for the purpose of sex, generally to a country where prostitution is legal; the age of consent varies from country to country

Sex Trafficking – A form of modern slavery in which someone coerces or deceives another person into commercial sex exploitation for profit; any child sold for sex is considered a victim of sex trafficking by nature of their age (International Justice Mission)

Stages of Trafficking – The process involves people being abducted or recruited in the country of origin, transferred through transit regions and then exploited in the country of destination; in the case of internal trafficking, all three stages would occur within the borders of a single country (UNODC, 2008)

Key Reports/Research


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