How to Define Child Labour?
Not all the work performed by children is classified as “child labour”.Easy labor that does not affect school attendance is acceptable for children aged 12-13, and the 15-16-year-old can also assume a job that is not determined to be at risk.According to the relevant conventions of the International Labour Organization, “child labour” specifically refers to the harm to the health of children and the impact of school work, which can hinder the future growth and development of children.
Working Conditions of Child Labour: Arduous and Dangerous
Agriculture, mining and construction are among the three most dangerous employment sectors. Depriving children of access to school and play, lack of substantial knowledge and experience, lack of precise guidance, lack of knowledge of safety measures and frequent use of tools designed for adults. As a result, children are highly vulnerable to occupational hazards in agriculture, mining and construction, as well as in the processing, transport and marketing of agricultural products. For these children, daily life is not just tiring labor. They often have to work in dangerous and harmful environments. The machinery and equipment operated by adults on the farm and the pesticides on the farm pose a threat to children. Not only farms, but some children go to work in mines, where conditions are sometimes worse.
Why Do Child Labourers Always Exist?
Because they have cheap labor and are easy to peel. One of the reasons commonly cited by unscrupulous employers for the use of child labour is the so-called “dexterous finger”, which is simple, that children demand less protection, that their exploitation is much easier and, most importantly, that they are obviously cheaper. They do the same work as adults, but they pay much less.