Since the Graca Machel’s 1996 report on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children, some 20 years ago, many efforts have been made globally to address the issue. Significant to this are a range of initiatives by the United Nations in creating systems and mechanisms to prevent and respond to conflicts globally, with the ultimate goal of ensuring that children and adults are protected from violent conflicts, especially civil wars. Despite the efforts, armed conflicts continue unabated in many countries of the world, with many children being adversely affected. Other forms of violent conflicts such as terrorism have also emerged. This is the context, within which, members of the African Network for the Prevention and Protection against Child Abuse and Neglect (ANPPCAN) and the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) got concerned and decided to jointly organize this Conference whose theme was, the Impact of Armed Conflict and Terrorism on Children and Youth.