Working Group on Children in Out of Home Care Settings2019-09-25T12:02:39-06:00

Working Group on

Children in Out of Home Care Settings

Purpose

ISPCAN’s Working Groups address a wide spectrum child abuse and neglect topics.  This Working Groups aim to increase awareness of issues facing children in institutional care, promote prevention strategies, clarify issues related to definitions, and facilitate consistency in data collection and measurement.

We welcome interested ISPCAN members as well as nonmembers to join the conversation by subscribing to this page, submitting a blog post, or posting a comment or resource in the Forum below. We welcome participants from all disciplines and with varied experiences.

Convener: Myriam Caranzano-Maitre & Fujiko Yamada, ISPCAN Councilors

Convening Members:  Radek Ptacek, Terezie Pemova, Esmah Lahlah, Rajeev Seth, Franziska Meinck, John Fluke

If you have questions about this group, please contact [email protected]

Key Definitions

Key Resources/Research

A Systematic Review of Reviews of the Outcome of Severe Neglect in Underresourced Childcare Institutions.

A Systematic Review of Reviews of the Outcome of Severe Neglect in Underresourced Childcare Institutions - The aim of the systematic review described in this article was to determine the outcomes for individuals exposed to severe neglect in congregate care institutions such as orphanages. In this context, severe neglect refers to failure to meet children's basic physical, developmental, and emotional needs due to inadequate resources. In this systematic review of previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses, searches of 10 databases were conducted, 18 papers that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for review, their quality was assessed, and data were extracted and synthesized. [...]

Violence and alternative care: a rapid review of the evidence

Violence and alternative care: a rapid review of the evidence - This paper focuses on the mechanisms through which international policy and practice relating to the safeguarding of children and young people living in alternative care is being implemented in national policy and practice. It is based on a rapid review of the evidence regarding the violence experienced by children and young people living in different forms of alternative care internationally. The evidence base indicates that children living in alternative care are especially vulnerable to violence and abuse, prior to and during their care experience and also in the longer term. The introduction [...]

Child violence experiences in institutionalised/orphanage care

Child violence experiences in institutionalised/orphanage care - Institutions are not necessarily good environments for children. In the face of challenges such as HIV, Ebola, poverty, conflict and disaster the numbers have grown rather than reduced. Some countries have closed institutions down –driven by findings that cognitive developmental delay is associated with institutional care. Yet insight into abuse and violence within institutionalised settings is neglected. Maltreatment -violence and abuse -may be an issue. This systematic review series addresses violence and abuse experiences in institutionalised care, exploring firstly the frequency of abuse/violence in institutions, secondly any interventions to reduce such violence or abuse and thirdly [...]

Children in Institutional Care: Delayed Development and Resilience

Children in Institutional Care: Delayed Development and Resilience - Children exposed to institutional care often suffer from “structural neglect” which may include minimum physical resources, unfavorable and unstable staffing patterns, and social-emotionally inadequate caregiver-child interactions. This chapter is devoted to the analysis of the ill effects of early institutional experiences on resident children’s development. Delays in the important areas of physical, hormonal, cognitive, and emotional development are discussed. The evidence for and against the existence of a distinctive set of co-occurring developmental problems in institutionalized children is weighed and found to not yet convincingly demonstrate a “post-institutional syndrome”. Finally, shared and non-shared features [...]

Children in alternative care – unicef Report

Children in alternative care - At least 2.7 million children are living in residential care, but this is just the tip of the iceberg There is wide recognition of the adverse impacts of institutionalization on developmental outcomes and children’s well being. This has led many countries to undertake efforts to reduce the numbers of children living in institutional care and, whenever possible, to prevent institutionalization in the first place, or to reunite children with their families in line with their obligations under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the UN Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children. [...]

INSTITUTIONAL CARE: THE LAST RESORT – Save the Children Report

INSTITUTIONAL CARE: THE LAST RESORT- There are at least 2 million vulnerable children worldwide living in poor quality institutional care that is harmful to their physical, social and intellectual development, especially for those children who are under the age of three.2 A recent longitudinal study of children in Romania found that institutionalisation of young children is one of the biggest threats to early brain development, with effects similar to that of severe malnutrition, lead poisoning and drug use during pregnancy.3 These children are also much more vulnerable to neglect, violence and abuse. In addition, countries with a long history of institutionalisation have also [...]

Why children in institutional care may be worse off now than they were in the 19th century

Why children in institutional care may be worse off now than they were in the 19th century - Prime Minister Scott Morrison’s national apology to the victims of child sexual abuse was a moment of reckoning for the government – an admission of the country’s failures to protect children from abuse in institutions ranging from churches and schools to orphanages and foster homes.  We too often hear about child protection when there is a scandal or crisis. For young people who grow up in out-of-home care, however, we need to go beyond simply reacting to terrible incidents like these and focus more attention [...]

CHILDREN IN INSTITUTIONS: THE BEGINNING OF THE END (unicef report)

CHILDREN IN INSTITUTIONS: THE BEGINNING OF THE END - In recent years, countries in Latin America have engaged in a critical debate on the institutionalization of children and adolescents as a response to family problems, disabilities, financial problems and types of conduct perceived as a threat to society. The new paradigm established by the Convention on the Rights of the Child with regard to the relations between children and families, society and the state, has shifted the focus of the debate on institutionalization from technical and systems management issues and the effect of institutionalization on children, to a policy and strategic outlook aimed [...]

The Risk of Harm to Young Children in Institutional Care

The Risk of Harm to Young Children in Institutional Care - Save the Children and the Better Care Network commissioned Professor Browne to undertake this review of the evidence base on the risks of harm to young children in institutional care.Both organisations are concerned to improve the situation of children without adequate care and to do so on the basis of the best possible evidence about both child development and professional good practice. READ ARTICLE HERE

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